The Lovely Dwarf Puffer Fish

the lovely dwarf puffer fish

The Dwarf Puffer Fish (Carinotetraodon travancoricus), also known as the Malabar puffer fish, pygmy puffer fish, pea puffer fish, or Indian dwarf puffer is the smallest fish of tetraodon family. It is threatened by overfishing for the aquarium trade, and by habitat loss.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish lives in freshwater, originating from inland India. The most convenient aspect of these fish is that they are very small, only getting an inch long, and therefore one can be kept in a 5 Gallon tank, unlike most other puffers fish which require much larger fish tanks.

The maximum recorded size is 3.5 cm (1.4 in), making it one of the smallest puffer fish in the world. Although closely related to marine pufferfish, they are not located in salt water, and also reports to the contrary are based on misidentification.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish have become fairly popular as aquarium fish thanks to their attractive colors, small size, and also relative ease of maintenance. This puffer is also one of the few aquarium fish to regularly eat live young snails, so it is used in controlling snail populations (larger snails do not interest). This popularity is a major risk to the species, as it is often wild-caught.

In fact, the Dwarf Puffer Fish is one of the few fish that keenly watch the world outside their tank, as well as they quickly come to recognize their owner. This Puffer is a very active and also intelligent little fish. Its behavior frequently reminds other intelligent fishes (cichlids). Naturally, this puffers inhabitant requires warm water within 22-26 С. The Dwarf Puffer Fish can be fairly long lived in the fish tank, many living for 5 or more years.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish swims in its own unique pattern making it a pleasure to watch. It has quite a curious nature and also is aware of what goes on outside the fish tank. Though a little bit shy, it will watch you as you watch it and soon will come to recognize you. Once you enter the room, they will begin swimming near the tank glass trying to attract your attention. Naturally, they’d like to ask for some feed, however, it’s always great to see such a reaction from the fish.

The female puffers are rounder and larger than males, and may or might not show more smallish spots between their larger dark markings. Male puffers could also have a dark line down the length of their bellies when mature, and also occasionally have iridescent “wrinkles” on the face.

 

Diet Of The Dwarf Puffer Fish

diet of the dwarf puffer fish

The Dwarf Puffer Fish is carnivorous, which means that they feed just on meat. In the wild its diet mainly consists of small animals such as cladocera, rotifers, copepods as well as insects, however, it also eats plants such as diatoms. Sand and detrius, probably consumed by mistake when feeding on small bottom-dwelling animals, has also been found in the gut of Dwarf Puffer Fish. Food items of specimens maintained in fish tank appear to be similar.

The best way to reproduce this diet in the home fish tank is to feed both young snails and also frozen food to the Puffers. The Dwarf Puffer Fish should be fed daily as well as given a varied diet that could consist of live or frozen foods. Try an assortment of food to determine what your little fish accepts and prefers.

Live foods for Dwarf Puffer Fish consist of black worms, white worms, brine shrimp and also young snails, all in sizes that are appropriate for this little fish. If you are having trouble getting a puffer to eat, then you could start with live foods mixed in with frozen foods.

 

What is the Gestation Period of Dwarf Puffer Fish?

What is the Gestation Period of Dwarf Puffer Fish

Breeding Dwarf Puffer Fish isn’t difficult, and if they are well fed as well as kept at their perfect temperature for an extended period, they will breed on their own. This typically involves the male puffer chasing the female puffer until she finally accepts his advances, and afterward moving towards a spot under the cover of plants with him. They tend to choose an area of dense plant cover, Once under this cover, both little fish will move together for approximately a minute, while the eggs, as well as sperm, are released.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish is often plant-spawners, laying eggs in plants (including java moss in fish tanks) or on the substrate hidden within plants. The Eggs hatch for about 5 days at 27 ° C (81 ° F), with fry initially being fed on infusoria, after that brine shrimp when they are a week old, and lastly regular-sized food. The Dwarf Puffer Fish do not guard their eggs or fry, as well as breeders, do not keep the adults and the fry together.

 

How to Aquarium Care and Setup for Dwarf Puffer Fish?

How to Aquarium Care and Setup for Dwarf Puffer Fish

The Dwarf Puffer Fish get bored easily. A good tank setup for them is 5 Gallon per puffer, sand substrate, heavily planted, as well as more hiding places than puffers. When kept in groups this is particularly essential as they can be quite territorial. It’s also recommended to keep a ratio of 1 male puffer to 2-3 female puffers.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish due to the lack of scales as well as gill covers are more prone to disease and also more sensitive to changing water conditions. They should never be introduced into a non-cycled tank. These little fishes are aggressive and will not be able to go in a community tank. They require weekly water changes as well as high output filters.

A generous weekly water change of 30% to 50% is the standard recommendation for a puffer fish tank. A larger than typical canister filter will be required and should turn the tank over 6-10 times per hour. The Dwarf Puffer Fish is particularly sensitive upon arrival to a new fish tank, though once it is acclimated it is fairly hardy.

The Dwarf Puffer Fish is a freshwater species and does not require salt. Due to its small size, it does not require a large fish tank, so a 10 Gallon fish tank will work fine. However, if you want to keep more than one or some other species with them, a well planted 20-30 Gallon fish tank is much better.

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