The Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus)

Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) is a small lizard that is native to Georgia and South Carolina. It is sometimes called the prairie lizard, gray lizard, fence swift, pine lizard or northern fence lizard. It is also named to colloquially as the horn-billed lizard.

The Eastern Fence Lizard is spiny lizards, meaning they have pointed, rough scales on their backs. It is most typically seen having a brownish and white scaly body with distinct blue patches on their belly and throat.

Males and females Eastern Fence Lizard can be differentiated by certain color variations. Females have patterns of black horizontal stripes on their backs, while during the breeding season, males have patches of bright blue patches on their chin and underside.

The color of the Eastern Fence Lizard patches differs with body temperature. At low temperatures, the badges are green, whereas they turn blue at higher temperatures. It has been proposing that this color change is used as a signal for both predators as well as competing males as a time of weak point. The belief is that when the lizard is green, it is less mobile because of the reduced body temperature.

Juveniles Eastern Fence Lizard have the same color patterns as adults, other than crossbars are slim and might be indistinct. Some juveniles have a pair of dorsolateral light lines. The ventral and chin of juveniles are white to bluish. However, juveniles lack the colored patches.

These Eastern Fence Lizard can easily lose their tail, a process known as autotomy, and after that regrow it. Like lots of other lizards, their tails come off rather easily as a defense against predators. Adults typically reach up to 4 to 7.5 inches (10 to 19 cm) in length but tail length in females are smaller than males when it is proportionately compared with body length.

The Eastern Fence Lizard is found from New York south to northern Florida and as far west as Arkansas and Ohio. They live in a variety of habitats including shrublands, woodlands, and grasslands, and the hardwood forests or edges of pine, however, they typically stick to areas with trees.

The Eastern Fence Lizard spend most of their days basking on fencing posts, rocks, rotting logs, stumps, and tree trunks, and they go underground at night or crawl into rock crevices. Males lizard ward off other males from their territories with displays of head-bobbing and push-ups.

The Eastern Fence Lizard is tree climbers. Snakes, cats, birds, as well as other reptiles, are predators of Eastern Fence Lizard. When encountered on the ground, they will typically dart to the nearest tree, climb up the side opposite their pursuer, and continue to be motionless. If they have come near closely and will proceed up the trunk, make sure constantly to stay on the side opposite the pursuer.

Compared to snakes, lizards typically have 4 legs, outer ear openings, and movable eyelids. Rather than the snake’s single row of ventral scales, lizards have a few rows of scales on their undersides.


How To Take Care Of Eastern Fence Lizard?

How To Take Care Of Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard can make for calm, friendly pets. To take care of this lizard and see it flourish, create a habitat much like its natural environment and they enjoy warm and dry climates and prefer a habitat where they can climb up and bask in the sunlight or under UV light bulbs.

First thing is housing first. You’re in luck here since Eastern Fence Lizard only require a 10 gallon per lizard. I suggest don’t keep more than 1 male in the same tank. A 10 gallon is suitable for a juvenile but an adult needs to be in a 20 gallon high (24” x 12” x 16”) or 20 gallon long (30” x 12” x 12”) for a pair. A simple 10-gallon tank will do, this consists of the bulk of your cost.

The substrate must be paper towel or newspaper during quarantine, however, for the furnished vivarium, wood mulch is the best and mix of coconut coir or wood mulch is also acceptable. A screen lid is a must for air flow, however, if it’s not built in ensure to use clips on all sides of the tank. Stay clear of sand, or at least feeding on the sand, because it might cause impaction. Never ever use calcium sand or crushed walnut.

Put the UVB light bulbs into the socket on top of the aquarium lid. Standard basking heat lamp and UVB light. The Eastern Fence Lizard basking areas must be 85 °F to 90 °F (a little cooler 80 °F to 85 °F) and a UVB light is a necessity. A Zoo Med Reptisun 5.0 is acceptable. Cool side can reach the mid to low the 70s securely.

The Eastern Fence Lizard produce calcium metabolism and vitamin D3 when exposed to UVB light, just like the way the human body produces vitamin D when your bare skin is exposed to sunlight. Set the timer to turn the UVB light on for 12 hrs, during the natural daytime hours ideally. You can do this manually without the timer too. Without having UVB light exposed, they develop bone disorders. Do not expect them to get UV from a windowsill, it can’t permeate most kinds of glass.

Fill up the bottom of the aquarium with reptile substrate or clean play sand. If you are using substrate leave the cactus in the pot. Set up the water bowl on the other end where the sand is shallow or make one end deeper than the other, and bury the cactus’ root ball in the sand on the deep end.

Purchase a commercial hide or build a small cave out of it. Put in a number of pieces of slate rock to hide under and basking on and setting the branch so it goes partially up the aquarium at an angle, so they can climb. Place the plastic plant near to the branch so they can hide in the leaves and spray the leaves with water every morning so the Eastern Fence Lizard can lick moisture from the sprayed leaves. Cork bark also can be used and looks natural and nice. However, you must put a minimum of one piece of rock under the heat lamp for lizards to warm up on.  

Fake plants are a should give the Eastern Fence Lizard a feeling of safety. Nothing thick like a Phelsuma vivarium, however, at least a couple of things to hide in. A small water dish is also important. Wash the water dish every day, and use a soft and wet fabric to wipe down the aquarium sides and decors every other week. Only one male and female pair must be housed in one aquarium because males are prone to fighting.


The Diet Of Eastern Fence Lizard

The Diet Of Eastern Fence Lizard

The Eastern Fence Lizard eat mainly insects and other arthropods. Prey consists of a number of invertebrates such as beetles, ants, moths, small grasshoppers, small spiders, stink bugs and fruit flies. Females may consume more insects throughout the spring in an effort to save energy for laying her eggs. They also sometimes eat snails and some plant matter such as needlegrass and cheatgrass is sometimes eaten.

However, feeding your pet Eastern Fence Lizard is quite easy as they love eating fresh insects such as crickets. Constantly dust crickets with calcium powder to offset their phosphorus. Feed them 3 to 4 times weekly and limit the number of crickets to 3 or 4 daily, for adults will eat about 6 crickets per day. Other foods include small cockroaches, small mealworms for adults only,  phoenix worms and waxworms.


The Breeding Of Eastern Fence Lizard

The Breeding Of Eastern Fence Lizard

Males Eastern Fence Lizard color patches on the sides of the belly and throat. During the breeding season, starting in April, males also have anal glands that secrete a pheromone throughout and flash their blue patches to attract females. They are used throughout mating rituals and as a sign of dominance when fighting with other males. After mating males and females no longer associate. Males may look for other mating chances.

Young females Eastern Fence Lizard lay one clutch of 3 to 13 eggs each year, however, older females lay up to 4 clutches per year. Eggs hatch from June to September. The eggs are laid below 3 to 7 centimeters of soil to make sure that the moisture, as well as temperature, remain constant. It might take 10 weeks for the eggs to hatch out after they have been deposited. The offspring tend to grow fast in the first 2 months of life and reach maturity at 1 year old. The average lifespan of Eastern Fence Lizard is unknown but is probably less than 5 years. Fence LizardLizardEastern Fence Lizard,How To Take Care Of Eastern Fence Lizard?,The Breeding Of Eastern Fence Lizard,The Diet Of Eastern Fence LizardThe Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) The Eastern Fence Lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) is a small lizard that is native to Georgia and South Carolina. It is sometimes called the prairie lizard, gray lizard, fence swift, pine lizard or northern fence lizard. It is also named to colloquially as the...It's all about things you do not know about monkey, eagles, guinea pig, puppies and many more.