The Fire Belly Toad (Bombina)

Fire belly toad

The Fire Belly Toad (Bombina), also known as the fire-bellied toad, belongs to the order Anura, is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. They are a group of eight species of small amphibian frogs belonging to the genus Bombina, which show similarities in shape and habitat preferences, however, differences in size and coloration.

The Fire Belly Toad used to come under the family Discoglossidae which related to the lack of mobile tongue. However, because of the stark differences in morphology, biology, and also behavior, they were placed in their own family Bombinatoridae along with another little-known genus called Barbourula (Jungle Toads).

The Fire Belly Toad is actually a frog as well as makes an easy-to-care-for pet. These species are discovered in the highlands and also rice paddies of China, Korea, as well as Southern Russia. They spend most of their time in the water. And all type of toads prefers habitats of stagnant water, which they are reluctant to leave.

The Fire Belly Toad are small to medium size, easy care, and also interesting behaviors make them a wonderful first pet. Most species typically no longer than 6 cm (2.4 in) belonging to the genus Bombina. They have brightly colored red, orange, or yellow-and-black patterns on the frog’s ventral regions, hence their typical name, Fire Belly. The other parts of the frog’s skins are brown, black, grey or green.

The brightly colored undersides of these frogs is a warning to all predators that they are slightly toxic. Although not particularly dangerous to humans, however, it might cause skin sensitivity, handling should be kept to a minimum as well as you need to wash your hands thoroughly after contact.

The Asian species live in small bodies of water and could live at altitudes of over 3000 meters. And also the yellow-bellied species typically live at higher altitude, where they are mostly discovered in small bodies of water like ponds or water-filled ruts, typically near small mountain streams.

In addition, the Fire Belly Toad lives mainly in a continental climate in standing water or calmer backwaters of rivers or ponds. In Europe as well as southern continental Asia, there are a number of small, warty toads that are amongst the most popular and also amusing of all vivarium subjects.

Several species in the genus Bombina, particularly Oriental Fire-Bellied Toad, European fire-bellied toad, and Yellow-Bellied Toad, are typically kept as exotic pets and are readily available at many pet stores. In captivity, they are easily maintained in vivaria, and when provided with proper food as well as environmental conditions, typically show to be robust, flamboyant, as well as long-lived amphibians. The Fire Belly Toad have a long lifespan in the wild. They could survive up to 15 years.

 

8 Species Of The Fire Belly Toad (Bombina)

8 Species Of The Fire Belly Toad (Bombina)

European Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina bombina) Linnaeus, 1761

The European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is native to mainland Europe. They are the largest of the Bombina family and are commonly darker than Fire Belly Toad from Asia.

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Lichuan Bell Toad (Bombina lichuanensis) Ye and Fei, 1994

The Lichuan Bell Toad (Bombina lichuanensis) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is endemic to Hubei and Sichuan in China. This species is classified as Vulnerable (VU), considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

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Guangxi Fire Belly Toad (Bombina fortinuptialis) Tian & Wu, 1978

The Guangxi Fire Belly Toad (Bombina fortinuptialis) also known as the large-spined bell toad is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is endemic to Guangxi in China. This species is threatened by habitat loss.

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Yunnan Fire Belly Toad (Bombina maxima) Boulenger, 1905

The Yunnan Fire Belly Toad (Bombina maxima) also known as the large-webbed bell toad or giant fire-bellied toad, is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is endemic to Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Guangxi, and Guizhou in southern/southwestern China and in northern

Vietnam.

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Hubei Fire Belly Toad (Bombina microdeladigitora) Liu, Hu & Yang, 1960

The Hubei Fire Belly Toad (Bombina microdeladigitora) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. This species is similar to Bombina maxima, but differentiated from the latter species by a slight amount of webbing in the toes, black spines on the throat and chest being scattered in small groups, and black being the dominant color on the ventral side.

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Oriental Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina orientalis) Boulenger, 1890

The Oriental Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina orientalis) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is discovered in northeastern China, throughout the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea and in the Khabarovsk and Primorye regions in Russia. An introduced population exists near Beijing.

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Apennine Yellow-Bellied Toad (Bombina pachypus) Bonaparte, 1838

The Apennine Yellow-Bellied Toad (Bombina pachypus) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is endemic to Italy. This species is threatened by habitat loss.

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Yellow-Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata) Linnaeus, 1758

The Yellow-Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata) is a member of the family Bombinatoridae. It is an entirely European species which occurs several geographically divided subspecies.

 

 

Diet Of The Fire Belly Toad

Diet Of The Fire Belly Toad

The Fire Belly Toad are carnivorous animals that survive on a diet purely made up of meat. They shoot out their long adhesive tongue to catch insects. Due to the toxin levels produced by the frog, it has very few predators in the wild.

In the case of Fire Belly Toad, poison is located in the skin. It prevents bacterial as well as fungal infection and also attacks of larger predators. They eat different types of insects, such as spiders, mollusks, larvae, flies, worms, beetles, and also crustaceans. Tadpoles eat primarily algae and also higher plants.

In captivity, the Fire Belly Toad is fed with crickets, wax worms, red wigglers and the larvae of various insects, and other tiny, live invertebrate foods. Feed every other day, placing food on the land area of the tank. Sprinkle food with calcium supplement daily as well as a multivitamin supplement once or twice a week. Feed young frogs once daily and adults 3 or 4 times a week.

 

Reproduction Of The Fire Belly Toad

Reproduction Of The Fire Belly Toad

The Fire Belly Toad reach sexual maturity between 2 and 4 years of age. Captive reproduction is fairly difficult since breeding need to follow a hibernation period. They courtship and breeding commences in May as the climate gets warmer as well as continues throughout the summer until around mid-August.

The female of the species typically lays 50-300 eggs that can be discovered hanging off plant stems. The offspring develop in pools or puddles. The eggs hatch after 3 to 10 days and metamorphose after 5 to 12 weeks from July to September or after hibernation in spring. This long reproductive season is due to different females depositing eggs at different times.

 

How to Aquarium Care for Fire Belly Toad?

How to Aquarium Care for Fire Belly Toad

The Fire Belly Toad a species of small to medium size frog. A pair of adults could be kept in a 15-gallon long terrarium, however, larger is always better. They can be kept singly, in pairs or in groups. The best way to house them is as a group of 6 – 12 individuals, If an enclosure large enough is provided, then the group should happily cohabit with each other.

For terrarium, provide a water bowl to submerge in if needed as well as slope the gravel up on one side to create a dry area above water level, or use a big dish to create a water area. Add pieces of bark for hiding places, for aqua-terrarium, use a water filter, however, ensure areas of still water and also land. Low-level UVB lighting is suggested as well as provide hiding places to hide from light as required.

The temperature should be in the low to mid-20s (°C) 70s (°F) for daytime and 18 °C (65 °F) for nighttime. They should be checked daily as the species is sensitive to high heat and must be kept away from direct sunlight. The humidity of the enclosure should be kept at or near 80%. This can be achieved by being sprayed.

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