The Exotic Flower Horn Fish

flower horn fish

The Flower Horn Fish is also known as Flowerhorn Cichlid with the Chinese usual name called Hua Luo Han. It is a crossbreed cichlid with a very impressive behavior, temperament, and entirely unusual appearance included the cichlid family with the attractive appearance and strong characteristic also it’s good looking and worthwhile.

The Flower Horn Fish is a wonderful fish for those who are looking for a large and unique cichlid. Their head protuberance, or Kok, is formally called a “nuchal hump.” Like blood parrot cichlids, they are man-made crossbreeds that exist in the wild only due to their release.

The exotic Flower Horn Fish is a hybrid cichlid fish by a man in the early 1990s. First developed in Malaysia, Thailand, and Taiwan, they were created by hybrid cichlids from Central and South America. The 4 main types are Golden Monkey, Kamfa, Zhen Zhu, and Faders or Golden Base. Various strains exist within these species and one of the most famous species is called the Red Dragon Flowerhorn.

The Flower Horn Fish ended up being very popular with Asian fish hobbyists and also kept by hobbyists in the United States and Europe, but their importation is banned in Australia. Hybrid has made Flowerhorn cichlids available worldwide.

The lifespan of an average Flower Horn Fish can last for approximately 12 years. Once more, their lifespan is nearly in the middle of the average lifespan of other fish that are kept as a pet. Typically, the lifespan is approximately 8 – 10 years. Obviously, that will still depend on how well they are cared for and the condition of their environment.

All Flower Horn Fish are born grey with black eyes. They will not start getting any of their coloration, pattern and red eyes until they are at least 3 inches (7.6 cm). Most Flowerhorn will not have their full coloration, pattern and red eyes up until they are mature at approximately 8 – 10 inches (20 – 25 cm).

The Flower Horn Fish is very quick growing and fry could put on an inch every 6 weeks. Male Flowerhorn max size may be can grows up to 12 inches (30 cm), but 10 inches (25 cm) is the most common in fish tanks. Females are usually an inch or 2 smaller than males. The Flowerhorn fish growth rate is rather impressing, throughout their first year of life they can grow up to 2 cm in a month. There is some species of 16 inches (40 cm) body length.

 

How To Take Care Of Flower Horn Fish?

How To Take Care Of Flower Horn Fish

Do you know how to take care of Flower Horn Fish? Flower Horn Fish care is very easy because the fish isn’t really demanding and it’s an enduring one. They are very aggressive cichlids, keeping that said they produce plenty of waste and typically maul their tank mates. Let’s point out that the Flowerhorn grows up to be huge around 12 to 16 inches (30 – 40 cm) and it requires a large tank, especially if the Flowerhorn has some tank mates.

The Flower Horn Fish are among the most active fish that an aquarium owner might have. These fish require a decent amount of space to grow and therefore shouldn’t be kept in small 10 and 20-gallon fish tank. The aquarium is the important thing that will certainly influence the growth of the fish. You can choose the fish tank with 70 gallons or more. When you do not change the aquarium after the fish grow larger, it will make the fish grows not optimally.

For new owners, here’s a guide for you:

Flower Horn Fish Tank Size

In some cases, A 70 gallon may not be enough, so you might consider upgrading it to 100 gallons. It will provide the comfortable place for the fish to swim. For 55-gallon fish tanks or less, a minimum of 25% water change should be carried out weekly. New water that would be added to the fish tank must be treated with some type of water conditioner, such as StartRight, Stress Coat, and so on, to remove chlorine and other toxic chemicals or heavy metals that would come with the water.

Flower Horn Fish is hardy and take a very wide range of conditions, however, these fish still need a good tank set up. Flowerhorn likes eating the tank plants and digging tank bottom, so you aren’t likely to create some type of nice aquascape with plants. Because of the fish size, it’s suggested to put rocks, snags as well as other tank decorations directly on an aquarium bottom, not on a substrate. The temperature of the water also should be considered. We recommend the water temperature at 84°F – 86°F (28°C – 30°C), the pH-value at 7.2 – 8.2.

 

What Do Flower Horn Fish Eat?

What do Flower Horn Fish Eat

Flower Horn Fish is carnivorous fish with a large appetite and very easy to underfeed. They need to be fed 2 times daily so as to stay healthy. You could use the dry pellet with the highest quality. It will provide the superb nutrition for the fish. All cichlid fish benefit from vitamins and supplements added to their foods. Also Flowerhorn fish needs some plant enhancements to the diet or some feed based on spirulina.

After the Flower Horn Fish reach 8 inches (20 cm), you can pick the pellet with lower protein, or you may feed with live fish such as small fish, Poecilia reticulata can be a good choice because the high number of fry they spare month-to-month. It will gladly feed on fresh sprats or bloodworms or other small fish, pieces of calamari or low-fat fish such as goldfish or may give him some shrimp.

Besides that, the other kind of the food that will provide more nutrition is the frozen bloodworms. Protein content contained in bloodworm and live fish is very high, and it’s superb for growth your Flowerhorn cichlid head. Feeding once a while greats to feed however never feed continuously live food as it spoils your fish’s health

Both live and frozen food could pollute the water, so make sure that Flower Horn Fish eats all the given food in 5 mins maximum, in case of rests remove them quickly because of this, it is better to have a tank set up that allows you to clean quickly without having to move objects. Do not let the feel overfeed since it can make the water easy to look unclean or make the fish dead. The Flowerhorn fish could be stressed because of lots of factors such as the tank size, food, water, and others.

 

The Breeding Of Flower Horn Fish

Breeding Of The Flower Horn Fish

Flower Horn Fish breeding is quite easy, quite alike with other large South American cichlids breeding. Especially when they have reached the length of 3.94 to 4.72 inches (10 – 12 cm). The anal pore of the fish has a U shape in case of females and V shape in case of males. Furthermore, females tend to have a smaller hump when grownups. Below is an easy way to identify the sex of your flowerhorn.

flower horn fish sex

The first thing to do is pick the pair you would wish to breed. After that, you will need to put them in an aquarium that is big enough to hold both of them with a transparent partition in between. Since the Flower Horn Fish breeds in the same aquarium where it lives and the biggest trouble are to conserve the female from the male attacks. After you see the Flower Horn fish is ready to mate, you should remove the partition without disturbing them. The fish might fight when they do not mate. You need to move the female to avoid this problem.

Quite often the female Flower Horn Fish isn’t really ready for spawning, however, the male starts haunting and attacking her. They have to be seen carefully, especially the male, as they are very aggressive. One more way is to split the tank into 2 parts using a net, so the female is risk-free and the sight of other fish stimulates the start of spawning. Also, can place a big flat rock near the net and remove all other objects where she could spawn from the female side of the aquarium. When female lays the eggs on this big flat rock, it is then removed to the male area of the tank and the water flow is directed on the big flat rock so the male could fertilize the eggs.

When the female Flower Horn Fish contains the eggs, you need to move the female to the other aquarium with the right filtration. You need to avoid the eggs to be sucked by the filtration. After 3 or 4 days the fry hatch and parents care for them moving in more safe and secure hiding places. You could feed them with only hatched brine shrimps and various other specific food for fry.

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