The Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis)

Green Tree Python

The Green Tree Python (Morelia viridis) is a member of the family Pythonidae. This snake is a species of python, which lives throughout tropical rainforests of New Guinea, islands in Indonesia and the Cape York Peninsula in Australia. It is also discovered in Florida, where it is considered an invasive species, similar to the Burmese python and the African rock python.

Described by Hermann Schlegel in 1872, it was known by the name Chondropython viridis and was placed in its own genus. When scientists observed the similarities to Australian and New Guinea carpet pythons, it was placed in the genus Morelia and also given the scientific name Morelia viridis.

The Green Tree Python is a popular pet and numbers in the wild have suffered from the large-scale smuggling of wild-caught in Indonesia. In spite of this, these snakes are rated as least concern on the IUCN Red List of Endangered species.

The Green Tree Python typically inhabits tropical rainforests, however, also be discovered in secondary forests as well as re-growth areas ranging from sea level approximately 2000 m (6561 ft) in altitude. They also share its habitat with other python species, like the carpet python (Morelia spilota).

The adult Green Tree Python is emerald green in color with a yellowish belly. Occasional specimens also have small white markings on the back. Juvenile snake is typically yellow, red or dark brown-black. As they mature, their color changing into the adult coloration after 1-2 years.

Some individuals keep their juvenile bright-yellow colors, and some turn directly to blue. Each color is unique as well as stunning in its own way. Seeing the color change is one of the most amazing things about owning these beautiful snakes. The Green Tree Python is carnivore that could live for at least 15 years, with a maximum age of 19. These snakes in captivity have lived only somewhat longer with the record age set at 20 years old.

The Green Tree Python is characterized by a fairly slim body and could reach about 6 feet (2 m) in length and weigh 3.5 pounds (1.6 kg), with females somewhat larger as well as heavier than males. The head is big and clearly defined from the neck. The snout is big as well as angular. The body is triangular in cross-section with a visible spine and also a prehensile tail which allows them to move around between the branches of trees.

The Green Tree Python is arboreal or tree-dwelling python. They mostly hunt as well as eats tiny reptiles and also mammals. Like all pythons, they are non-venomous are armed with a magnificent set of long recurved teeth to allow them to maintain a grip on their struggling prey amongst the branches. The scales around their mouth have also thermoreceptive pits to assist detect prey similar in function to those of pit vipers.

 

Diet Of The Green Tree Python

Diet Of The Green Tree Python

The Green Tree Python are carnivorous animals that survive on a diet purely made up of meat. These snakes are arboreal or tree-dwelling python, they will actively search for prey in their environment using the scales around their mouth, thermoreceptive pits to assist detect prey.

The Green Tree Python is non-venomous snakes and like many other pythons, they capture their prey by holding onto a branch using the prehensile tail and striking out from an S-shaped position as well as constricting the prey.

In the wild, the diet of Green Tree Python comprised mostly of tiny mammals, such as rodents, and in some cases reptiles, such as geckos and also skinks. However, this species like the emerald tree boa, it was thought to eat birds, however, no scientific proof of this was found. Juvenile snakes feed primarily on small lizards and also frogs.

 

Reproduction Of The Green Tree Python

Reproduction Of The Green Tree Python

The reproduction of the Green Tree Python has never been reported in the wild, most available information on their breeding comes hobbyists in the pet trade. However, in captivity, the eggs are constantly incubated as well as protected by the female. They reach sexual maturity at 2 to 4 years and has an interval reproduction of 1 year.

The Green Tree Python is an oviparous species, meaning producing young by means of eggs which are hatched after they have been laid by the parent. The Female snake locates a suitable tree hollow or among plants in which to lay their clutch of 8-25 eggs, approximately 24 days after the mating occurs. When produced, the female will wrap herself around them to maintain the correct incubation temperature until they hatching around 6-8 weeks.

The young Green Tree Python become instantly independent. The hatchlings are lemon-yellow with busted stripes and spots of purple and brown, or golden or orange-red. As they mature, their color changing into the adult coloration after 1-2 years.

 

How to Aquarium Care for Green Tree Python?

How to Aquarium Care for Green Tree Python

The Green Tree Python require at least a 50-gallon terrarium. Since they could grow fairly long in captivity (over 5 feet), while younger snakes will be fine in 10-gallon tank. Aquarium height is desirable, however, length and width are also important, as this species move over branches, but not down to the floor. Although somewhat sedentary, they should not be crowded.

The essential parts are a secure enclosure with a large water bowl as well as a resting branches or perches for the Green Tree Python. Well-anchored branches of varying widths, both forked as well as straight. They spend its days coiled on a perch with its head resting in the center of its coils.

Additionally, multiple climbing branches of varying sizes assist to provide variety as well as improving the environment. Adding a few sturdy live plants such as pothos and philodendron, not just make the tank look beautiful and also provide cover, however, also will assist to create humid microclimates within the enclosure. Artificial plants could also be used to create barriers behind which the Green Tree Python could hide.

The Green Tree Python do well with a variety of substrates such as newspaper or washable terrarium liners. Eucalyptus bedding or douglas fir allows for easy spot cleaning and also will raise the humidity if kept damp.

The Green Tree Python prefer temperatures between about 75 °F (24 °C) and 85 °F (29 °C). The ideal humidity range would be between 50 and 70%, however, moments above and below this range are acceptable for brief periods of time. The environment should not be frequently wet as it could cause the snake to develop dermal infections.

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