The Halfmoon Betta Fish (Betta splendens)

Half Moon Betta

The Halfmoon Betta fish (Betta splendens) also called Siamese fighting fish, is one of the most the prettiest freshwater tropical fish species due to their often unusual coloring. They get its name because of its unique tail fin design from its visibly 180-degree, fan-like tail and caudal fins.

The Halfmoon Betta fish can breathe from their labyrinth organ which enables the fish to breathe from the surface. Whatever these bettas personality, keep in mind that male is very aggressive to other members of their species, which is why they get the name Siamese fighting fish.

The Halfmoon Betta fish is beautiful and elegant pets. They typically grow to 2.5 inches (6.3.5 cm) in length when fully grown but some bettas can grow to become 3 inches in size. Bettas normally live 2 to 3 years, but there have been a couple of cases of bettas living well, they can live up to 5 years. However, the eldest Betta until now in the records lived up to 6 years.

The Halfmoon Betta fish have stunning tails and spectacular fins can be found in a wide range of brilliant colors, with dark red and deep blue being one of the most common. You can also find the males sporting pastel tones, metallic hues, orange, green, purple and even albino color.

One can differentiate between the male and female Halfmoon Betta by their physical characteristics. The females are smaller sized and do not have the beautiful finnage of the males. But females are beautiful in their own way and are very touchy and huffy.

The Halfmoon Betta fish is freshwater tropical fish found in Southeast Asia. They have their origins in Siam, that is, modern-day Thailand. They swim in the shallow waters of Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, as well as some parts of China.

The Halfmoon Betta fish survive in warm and hot waters at lower altitude areas. They are also found in the slow-moving waters of swamps as well as rice paddies. In these areas, they find their clean warm water, meaty food, and plenty of places to hide.

History of Bettas

The Bettas have been kept as pets in Thailand and Malaysia since prior to the 19th century. The male bettas were bred to fight each other. Naturally aggressive, pet bettas fight longer and more ferociously compared to they would in the wild.

The Bettas fights ended up being popular in Thailand in the mid-1800s. By the 1890s it came to be typical for Europeans to keep these bettas as a pet too and these bettas were imported to France, Germany, as well as Moscow.

 

How To Take Care Of Halfmoon Betta Fish?

How To Take Care Of Halfmoon Betta Fish

As small as they are, Halfmoon Betta fish need specific care. They are freshwater tropical fish with space and temperature requirements to stay healthy. If you are considering getting a Halfmoon Betta, please do your research first. If you purchase one betta fish from a general pet store, chances are you won’t get the right suggestions about how to take care of betta fish.

The Halfmoon Betta fish live much longer, happier lives when they have enough space. They will require a minimum 1-gallon tank that a single betta can be kept. However, 5-gallon (19 liters) tank is the best. They can live with other fish, however, a male should never live with another male in the same aquarium, as they will fight each other.

The Halfmoon Betta fish kept in a larger aquarium are healthier and less prone to problems such as bacterial infections, ammonia burn, and weight problems (among leading causes of betta death). The betta’s aquarium has to be fully covered with a hood or other lid, as bettas are jumpers.

The Halfmoon Betta is semi-aggressive to other fish and is appropriate as tankmates for only a limited variety of fish species. Female bettas also are best kept one to an aquarium, although with care, diligence, as well as experience, sororities (several females in one aquarium) are possible. They must not be kept with aggressive fish like the Cichlids, or fin-nipping fish such as Barbs, Danios, and Tetras.

The Halfmoon Betta lives in tropical areas, to keep a Betta healthy, remember to provide your betta with plenty of clean, warm water. Kept the water temperature at 73°F – 81°F (23°C – 27°C), the pH-value at 6.5 – 7.0, should be maintained, so you will require a heater and a thermometer. Cold water can suppress the immune system and cause illness.

The Halfmoon Betta fish aquarium, no matter their size, need regular cleaning. If you have a filter then cleaning the tank every week is enough. In an uncycled betta aquarium, one should do a 50% or 100% water changes. If your tank, do a 100% water changes, this means clearing all of the water in the aquarium, cleaning the aquarium and all decoration with hot water, and replacing it with clean, fresh, dechlorinated water.

If your tank, do a 50% water changes to reduce the chance of shock to your Halfmoon Betta fish, this does not mean replacing all the water in your tank. Buy a test kit is simply a series of paper strips. So when a tank is successfully cycled the readings should be Ammonia = 0, Nitrite = 0, Nitrate = some level. Make sure to vacuum the gravel once a week with a gravel vacuum cleaner. If you have no filter in place, you should get one. In the meanwhile, change 25% of the water every 2 or 3 days.

It is incorrectly thought that Halfmoon Betta is low-maintenance pets. One reason is that they have just what is called a labyrinth organ, that let them breathe air at the water’s surface. It used to be believed that this trait meant the betta can live happily in an unmaintained aquarium. Actually poor water quality will make any type of freshwater tropical fish, including betta, more prone to disease, including fin rot.

 

The Diet Of Halfmoon Betta Fish

The Diet Of Halfmoon Betta Fish

The Halfmoon Betta fish might look flashier than bettas of other fin types, but all betta fish require the same care. Remember that your Betta is a carnivore (meat eater), to provide him with a different diet and high protein is necessary. A combination of frozen, pellets, live food, and frozen is best for your betta. Most bettas need to be fed small amounts 2 times daily.

The Halfmoon Betta fish is a picker eater, so you have compiled their favorite meals, snacks and nutritious foods for your bettas. Sometimes give your betta a few frozen foods, but remember that this is a treat and not a meal.

Frozen foods can be offered instead of pellets some evenings. They do best when they eat meat, including:

  • Frozen bloodworms
  • brine shrimp
  • tubifex worms
  • daphnia
  • dried shrimp
  • mosquito larvae

Live foods such as wingless fruit flies, brine shrimp, and blackworms can also be offered to your betta fish.

The Halfmoon Betta also enjoy a peeled, cooked ordinary green pea once a week. As betta fish is carnivores, the green pea is mostly indigestible fiber for the betta. This helps prevent constipation (the main cause of swim bladder problem).

Do not overfeed your Halfmoon Betta! Once daily, at the same time, is fine. Observe how much they consume and stick to that amount.

 

The Breeding Of Halfmoon Betta Fish

The Breeding Of Halfmoon Betta Fish

During the years, betta fish has been bred in many different types, having a wide range of various colors, color patterns, and tail types. The mutation is preferable for aesthetic purposes but breeders need to be careful when choosing Halfmoon Betta for breeding stock because they typically have spinal deformities or partial paralysis.

To breed Halfmoon Betta, you should be very carefully conditioned and only put together for spawning. Please do not try to breed your betta fish without doing the proper research. A male and the female betta will kill one another unless properly conditioned.

The Halfmoon Betta breed best when they’re young, preferably, 4 to 12 months of age, max age 14 months. If your betta is less than 2 inches in length, then it isn’t sexually mature yet. After the eggs have been dropped by the female, fertilized, and place eggs in the bubble nest, the female must be removed from the breeding aquarium. The male betta guards the eggs and looks after of them, fighting off anything that gets too close till they hatch, typically hatch within 24 to 48 hours.  

After hatching, the fry can get around by themselves, the male Halfmoon Betta fish and his fry all go their separate ways. However, the fry hatchlings remain in the bubble nest for another 2 to 3 days as they completely absorb their yolk sacs. After the yolk sacs are completely absorbed, the fry will start to free swim. The fry must be fed newly hatched brine shrimp, powdered flakes or finely crushed, and infusoria.

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