The Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon)

Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon) is among the most beautiful saltwater fish for the aquarium, also called the Powder Blue Surgeonfish. Acanthurus leucosternon is a marine tropical fish coming from the family Acanthuridae, which includes the Tangs, surgeonfish, and the unicornfish. The family includes about 86 extant species and inhabiting tropical seas, usually along coral reefs. The body has a light blue oval shape with very colorful, bold markings.

The Powder Blue Tang has several different shades of blue accented with bright yellow and white colors. Bright yellow highlights the pectoral fins and dorsal fin, blue-black face with white markings outline the face and tail. The Powder Blue Tang adults can grow up to 22.86 cm (9 inches). This fish generally comes in size of 7.6 to 10 cm (3 – 4 inches).

In their natural environment, Powder Blue Tang is found mostly in tropical waters in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Oceans, from Africa to Indonesia. These species live in shallow and clear coastal waters and often found along coral reefs where they feed on algae. Swims at depths approximately 25 meters. It prefers flat top reefs as well as areas along seaward slopes.

The Powder Blue Tang is sometimes seen in pairs or in groups. But they don’t do well in groups or pairs in the aquarium. In the aquarium, this species is very aggressive toward members of their own species. You must only keep one Powder Blue Surgeonfish in your aquarium or they will fight.

The Powder Blue Tang is uncommonly gathered for anything aside from the marine aquarium industry. It is a commonly saltwater fish that is moderately difficult to keep, although its popularity is easily surpassed by the Blue Tang and Yellow Tang. Be prepared to spend some serious on this Tang though. Powder Blue Tang typically run anywhere from $60 to over $100 depending on the size of the Tang.


How To Take Care Of Powder Blue Tang?

How to Take Care of Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang is moderately difficult to care but does well once it is established. Once correctly established the Powder Blue Tang will do great in a reef tank the only aquarium set up. Use rocks or/and corals to create crevices. Consist of live rocks in the set up as well as encourage natural algae growth. It is a fast-swimming active fish that needs plenty of space so it would be recommended to keep in the fish tank of 90 gallons or larger fish tank provides the good environment for Powder Blue Surgeonfish with hiding places like live rock.

The Powder Blue Tang is very sensitive to organic chemicals, such as ammonia, nitrite, and nitrates and we recommend you to keep the levels of these chemicals very low in the aquarium having this Tang. It is very important that you feed Tang a good variety of living, frozen, and prepared formula foods with an emphasis in spirulina and veggie.

Powerful water movement is highly recommended. Like all Tangs and surgeonfish, the Powder Blue Tang requires highly oxygenated water. It is essential to keep the oxygen level up. You can attain this using multiple powerheads. Check out the aquarium temperature level though and remove a powerhead if the water temperature level gets too high. They will also appreciate high water flow throughout the aquarium.

Water quality should be kept to consistently high standards, as like some other members of this family, will make sure these fish stay healthy and disease-free. The water must be warm, keep the water temperature at 80°F – 84°F (27°C – 29°C), the pH-value at 8.2 – 8.4, and the specific gravity at 1.020 to 1.025 should be maintained. Unlike most other Tangs, the Powder blue tang will not cope well with a pH-value below 8.2. When kept with invertebrates, the specific gravity range must be 1.020 – 1.025, for the invertebrate species.

The Powder Blue Tang is prone to white spot, that can be difficult to treat in the coral reef aquarium.

Saltwater Fish Disease – Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. Ich (white spot – cryptocaryon) and marine velvet are very common with this Powder Blue Tang. Quarantine is highly recommended for this Tang! Use cleaner shrimps as well.


The Diet Of Powder Blue Tang

The Diet of Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang like most all other Tangs are the herbivore as well as marine seaweed and algae should be part of their diet. In the wild, the Powder Blue Tang feeds primarily on small growths, benthic algae, and sparsely scattered algae found in crevices.

While the Powder Blue Tang will eat meaty foods along with the various other fish in the aquarium, it is necessary that they are provided plenty of marine based seaweed and algae. Natural algae growth should be encouraged and it is prudent to feed the Tang lots of small servings of food throughout the day instead of just 1 or 2 big meals.

Use a veggie clip or provide dried seaweed tied to a rock and feed at least 3 times weekly. Seaweed Salad, Sea Veggies, and Ocean Nutrition all ideal products are very easy to use. This will strengthen their immune system, reduce aggression and improve their overall health.

Maintain your Powder Blue Tang on the different diet. Could be finicky. You can feed your Tang such as fresh and dried marine algae, spirulina flakes, and boiled vegetables which include spinach, broccoli, and carrots. etc. can be provided to supplement its diet. Should be fed at least 3 times a day.

You should also provide your Powder Blue Tang irregular servings of meaty foods, e.g. mysid shrimp and brine shrimp in the aquarium to stay healthy in the long run. Meaty foods need to be offered a few times per week to help provide extra protein.


The Breeding Of Powder Blue Tang

Breeding Of The Powder Blue Tang

The Powder Blue Tang is a monogamous species. Egg scatterer that is very difficult to breed in captivity (aren’t sure if it has even happened yet). Not sure about the Powder Blue Surgeonfish, think family member size may be the only way, they are sexually dimorphic. External sexual variations have been reported such as nuances in body shape and pattern, however, these are not discernible in any but the largest most mature Powder Blue Tang, the males are considerably smaller compared to the females. Blue TangSurgeonfishUnderwater AnimalsHow to Take Care Of Powder Blue Tang?,Powder Blue Tang,The Breeding Of Powder Blue Tang,The Diet Of Powder Blue TangThe Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon) The Powder Blue Tang (Acanthurus leucosternon) is among the most beautiful saltwater fish for the aquarium, also called the Powder Blue Surgeonfish. Acanthurus leucosternon is a marine tropical fish coming from the family Acanthuridae, which includes the Tangs, surgeonfish, and the unicornfish. The family...It's all about things you do not know about monkey, eagles, guinea pig, puppies and many more.