The Powder Brown Tang (Acanthurus japonicus)

Powder Brown Tang

The Powder Brown Tang (Acanthurus japonicus) is a popular fish with very colorful, wonderful markings. Acanthurus japonicus is a marine tropical fish belonging to the family Acanthuridae, that includes the tangs, surgeonfish, and the unicornfish. The family includes about 86 extant species and inhabiting tropical seas, typically around coral reefs.

The Powder Brown Tang has a body oval shape, typically a brown to blackish blue with a white mark on the cheek between the eyes and mouth. The pectoral, anal, and dorsal fins have an attractive light blue highlight at the tip. A red band marks the back of the dorsal fin as well as yellow striping runs along the body just above and below the fins. The tail is blue with a yellow vertical bar.

The Powder Brown Tang, also known as Japan Surgeonfish, White-faced Surgeonfish, and White-nose Surgeonfish. Acanthurus japonicus is a tang comes from the Indo-West Pacific Indonesia to the Philippines and is a better option than the Powder Blue Tang because it adjusts better to aquarium life. The largest scientifically measured Powder Brown Tang was 21 cm (8.3”) around 6 inches is more common. It is easily found in clear lagoons and often in shallow water reef area of Green Island, a famous diving site located 33 km (21 miles) away from the southeast coast of Taiwan.

The Powder Brown Tang could be easily confused with its close relative the Whitecheek Surgeonfish (Acanthurus nigricans) also called the Gold-rimmed Tang. Since they look very similar to each other and both of these species have been sold under the Gold-rimmed Tang nametag, therefore it is best to use the scientific name to avoid confusion. The Gold-rimmed tang just has a patch of white under the eye, while the Powder Brown Tang has a white band that extending from the mouth to the eye.

 

How To Take Care Of Powder Brown Tang?

How to Take Care of Powder Brown Tang

The Powder Brown Tang is known to be delicate to take care and can be hard to acclimate to a new fish tank. It is a very active fish would do certainly ideal in a tank size of 75 to 90 gallons or bigger fish tank is needed to provide plenty of space for swimming and suitable hiding spots in the aquarium. Use rocks or/and corals to create crevices. Consist of live rocks in the set up as well as encourage natural algae growth.

The Powder Brown Tang is usually kept in tranquil community aquariums. It is a very passive fish that will have difficulty with various other aggressive tangs. In the aquarium they are very aggressive towards its own species especially to other Acanthurus species, only keep one Powder Brown Tang in your aquarium or they will fight.

The Powder Brown Tang really requires this “safe spot” to go to or they can end up being more stressed decreasing the effectiveness of their immune system and making them more susceptible to parasites or disease.

Water quality should be kept to consistently high standards, as like some other members of this family, will ensure these fish stay healthy and disease-free. Maintain the water temperature at 75°F – 82°F (24°C – 28°C), the pH-value at 8 – 8.4, and the specific gravity at 1.022-1.026. Powerful water movement is highly recommended. It is very important to keep the oxygen level up.

Powerful water movement is highly recommended. Like all Tangs, the Powder Brown Tang requires highly oxygenated water. It is essential to keep the oxygen level up. You can attain this using multiple powerheads. Check out the aquarium temperature level though and remove a powerhead if the water temperature level gets too high. They will also appreciate high water flow throughout the aquarium.

The Powder Brown Tang is prone to white spot, which can be hard to treat in the coral reef aquarium.

Saltwater Fish Disease – Diagnose, Symptoms and Treatment. Ich (white spot – cryptocaryon) and marine velvet are very common with this Powder Brown Tang. Quarantine is highly recommended for this Tang! Use cleaner shrimps as well.

 

The Diet Of Powder Brown Tang

The Diet of Powder Brown Tang

The Powder Brown Tang is mainly an herbivore that feeds on algae in the wild. Even though Tangs are going to eat meaty foods along with the various other fish in the aquarium. However, they are herbivores and will need a diet consisting a lot of marine based seaweed and algae with some other varieties of food from time to time.

Maintain your Powder Brown Tang on the varied diet. Could be finicky. You can, for instance, combine spirulina flakes with frozen herbivore rations, Spirulina (blue-green algae), Spirulina-enriched brine shrimp, green marine flake, cucumber, Nori (dried seaweed), lettuce etc. can be provided to supplement its diet. Should be fed at least 3 times a day and meaty foods should be offered a few times weekly to help provide extra protein.

Use a veggie clip or provide dried seaweed tied to a rock and feed at least 3 times weekly. Seaweed Salad, Sea Veggies, and Ocean Nutrition all ideal products are very easy to use. This will strengthen their immune system, decrease aggression and make better their overall health.

It will also get small meaty frozen foods, but be sure that it is obtaining enough green food to prevent HLLE. Adding a specially formulated vitamin supplement to any kind of frozen foods will be beneficial. Ideally, consist of flakes or pellets rich in vitamin C in the diet. You should also provide your Powder Brown Tang irregular servings of meaty foods, e.g. mysid shrimp and brine shrimp in the aquarium for its ongoing growth and health.

 

The Breeding Of Powder Brown Tang

Breeding Of The Powder Brown Tang

Powder Brown Tang is considered very difficult to breed since they will form a group and scatter eggs as well as sperm out in the open water. This egg-laying species is not likely to breed in the house aquarium. Group spawnings have been observed in the ocean, which is said to occur during the night. After roughly 1 day, the egg will hatch out and a clear 2 mm long larva will arise.

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