The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog (Oophaga pumilio)

Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog (Oophaga pumilio), formerly Dendrobates pumilio also known as the strawberry poison arrow frog, flaming poison frog or blue jeans frog is a member of the family Dendrobatidae. This frog is a species of small amphibian poison dart frog found in Central America. It is common throughout its range, which extends from eastern central Nicaragua through Costa Rica and northwestern Panama.

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog, while not the most poisonous of the dendrobatids, is the most toxic member of its genus. The species is typically found in humid lowlands as well as premontane forest, however, large populations are also discovered in disturbed areas such as plantations. Partially of Puerto Rico during the damp months, densities could reach almost 400 frogs per acre, the forest resounding with the loud chirping trills that males make throughout the year.

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog is a tiny frog with a plump body as well as thin limbs. The skin is fairly smooth, and the typical coloration includes a brilliant strawberry-red or orange-red with blue or black lower parts and some small black spots, which occasionally is red and blue, and also could vary toward tan and white in some Panamanian localities.

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog is possibly most famous for its widespread variation in coloration, comprising approximately 15-30 color morphs, most of which are assumed to be true-breeding. Just as in the case with other poison dart frogs, bright coloration is a protection mechanism that indicates the frog’s toxicity as well as wards off predators from potential attacks.

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog is diurnal and mainly terrestrial. These poison frogs are fairly small, growing to approximately 17-24 mm (0.67-0.94 in) in standard length and typically females are slightly larger than males. Males are extremely territorial, protecting small territories, females and juveniles are much more sociable. They are carnivore that might live for about 6-17 years in captivity.

The diet of Strawberry Poison Dart Frog causes the skin of the amphibian to become toxic in nature when certain subspecies of mites and ants are consumed. Alkaloid toxins are organic in nature as well as contain nitrogenous bases that react with carbon and also hydrogen groups.

Prominent Strawberry Poison Dart Frog armory is Pumiliotoxin, which affect contraction in the heart and also muscles, most likely through voltage-gated calcium channels, causing both hyperactivity as well as paralysis. These poison frogs are not the most deadly of the Dendrobatidae, however, touching one will make a person extremely uncomfortable.

In addition, the Strawberry Poison Dart Frog extravagant colors warn predators of the poison in their skin. The poison frogs extract toxic alkaloids from the formicine ants, millipedes, mites, and also beetles that they consume, and store the poisonous compounds in glands in their skin, ready to release when the frogs feel threatened.

 

Diet Of The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

Diet Of The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog are carnivorous animals that survive on a diet purely made up of meat. They shoot out their long adhesive tongue to catch insects. Due to the toxin levels produced by the poison frog, it has very few predators in the wild.

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog feed during the day mainly on insects they encounter on the rainforest floor. Ants and mites consist of 90% of the poison frog’s diet. However, many kinds of insects and other small invertebrates can be eaten. Such prey items include insect eggs and insects such as ants, mites, beetles, flies, and also millipedes.

Additionally, prey such as formicine ants provides Strawberry Poison Dart Frog with toxins when eaten. These toxins do not harm the frogs themselves. Instead, the frogs excrete the toxins through their skin to prevent predators from eating them.

In captivity, the Strawberry  Poison Dart Frog is fed with Drosophila fruit flies, termites, aphids, pinhead crickets, the larvae of various insects, and other tiny, live invertebrate foods. For adult frogs, dust fruit flies with a vitamin and mineral supplement once weekly. Dust the insects every other feeding for young, growing frogs.

Feed these active, diurnal frogs 3 to 4 times weekly as a beginning point. Since the frog’s food requirements vary with age and activity levels, monitoring the number of flies in their terrarium is essential. No more than a few flies should be left from the previous feeding before you add more to the enclosure.

 

Reproduction Of The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

Reproduction Of The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog has dual parental care. The males protect as well as water the nests, and the females feed the tadpoles their unfertilized eggs. Although both male and female contribute to parental care, females spend more heavily in terms of energy expenditure, time investment, and also a loss of potential reproduction.

After mating, the Female Strawberry Poison Dart Frog lays 3 to 6 unfertilized eggs per clutch, which males fertilize as well as care for during the initial 2 weeks of the eggs lives. Upon the eggs hatching, the mother returns as well as transports the tadpoles on her back to a moist area with vegetation.

The female Strawberry Poison Dart Frog feeds the tadpoles with unfertilized eggs, which provide them with the protein and also nutrients necessary for survival. Just 5-12% of the clutch develops into tadpoles, so the female’s fitness might be best increased by ensuring those few eggs that form tadpoles survive. The tadpoles stay as well as grow among the vegetation, being fed by their mother daily until, 6 weeks later, metamorphosis takes them to adulthood.

 

How to Aquarium Care for Strawberry Poison Dart Frog?

How to Aquarium Care for Strawberry Poison Dart Frog

The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog a species of small amphibian poison dart frog. A pair of adults could be kept in a 15-gallon long terrarium, however, larger is always better. These species are diurnal (active during the day). They can be kept singly, in pairs or in groups. When the animals reach sexual maturity, at around a year of age, they are best kept in a pair, If an enclosure large enough is provided, then the group should happily cohabit with each other.

The temperature should be in the low to mid-20s (°C) 70s (°F). The Strawberry Poison Dart Frog should be checked daily as the species is sensitive to high heat and must be kept away from direct sunlight. The humidity of the enclosure should be above 80% all of the time. This can be achieved by being sprayed up to 4 times a day for at least 20 secs a spray.

Additionally, naturalistic vivarium is the typical approach to keeping poison frogs. The naturalistic vivarium is an aquarium that has been designed to produce a small ecosystem. In this ecosystem, there are plants, soil, and also a drainage layer to maintain the soil from becoming completely saturated.

The naturalistic vivarium creates a balance where the animals waste is used by the plants. This balance produces an environment where the maintenance, includes adding food for the frogs as well as cutting plants out as they grow. No removal of waste and or tank cleaning is necessary.

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