The Super Red Arowana (Scleropages legendrei)

super red arowana

The Asian Arowana (Scleropages formosus) consists of several phenotypic varieties of freshwater fish dispersed geographically across Southeast Asia. While most consider the different varieties to belong to a single species, work by Pouyaud et al. (2003) differentiates these varieties into multiple species.

They have several other common names, including Asian bonytongue, dragon fish, and also a number of names specific to the different color varieties. Native to Southeast Asia, Asian Arowana inhabits blackwater rivers, slow-moving waters flowing through forested swamps and also wetlands.

The Asian Arowana is the world’s most expensive aquarium fish. It is a tropical freshwater fish from Southeast Asia that grows 3 feet long in the wild. These popular aquarium fish have special cultural significance in areas affected by Chinese culture. The name Dragonfish comes from their similarity to the Chinese dragon. This popularity has had both negative and positive effects on their status as threatened species.

The Asian Arowana variants include Cross Back Golden, Red Tail, Golden, Green and also Super Red Arowana. Scleropages legendrei described the Super Red Arowana originated in Indonesia (Western Kalimantan Province). They could mainly be discovered in the waters of Lake Sentarum as well as the River Kapuas, and are one of the most popular Asian Arowana due to their beautiful red colors.

The Super Red Arowana have strong red color against a contrasting base. Multiple colors will appear in the fish varying from Reds, Purples, Yellows, Greens, Oranges and more. They are very slow to develop final color with their best body color typically not being displayed until 3 years or older.

The Super Red Arowana is much more common compared to the Cross Back Golden Asian Arowana. There are 4 varieties of red Arowana, Blood Red, Chili Red, Orange Red, and also Golden Red Arowana. The red color is first visible in the fins in young specimens as well as gradually moves onto their entire body as they mature.

It is very difficult to judge the color that will exist in the adult fish and due to the long development period as well as unique combinations of color, these fish are frequently expensive and also sought after in bigger sizes.

The Super Red Arowana grow up to 91 cm (36 in) total length. Like all Scleropages, Asian Arowana has long bodies, large, elongated pectoral fins, dorsal as well as anal fins located far back on the body, and also a much bigger caudal fin compared to that of their South American relative, the silver Arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum).

The Super Red Arowana might live for many years. The average Arowanas lifespan is 10-20 years, and if well cared for Arowana fish might live longer than 20 years in captivity. The Super Red Arowana is easily available and is often much more expensive compared to the other Arowana species.

The Super Red Arowana is another popular variety of Asian Arowana sold in Malaysia. These are well known and also popular South East Asia where they are believed to bring luck. They can be discovered in fish stores and online.

They are illegal to keep or import into the U.S., along with some other foreign countries, due to their Cites listing. Check the laws in your area before trying to purchase an Asian Arowana.

 

Diet Of The Super Red Arowana

diet of the super red arowana

The Super Red Arowana are carnivorous, which means that they feed just on meat and should be fed a high-quality diet of meaty food, such as shrimp and crickets. They are surface feeders and prefer to take food in the upper parts of the water column.

Aquarists recommend live foods and also meaty prepared foods. Live foods for Arowanas consist of scorpions, centipedes, mealworms, earthworms, shrimps, feeder fish, crickets, and also small frogs. Prepared foods consist of prawns (shrimp), lean pork, frozen fish food, and also pelleted food, all in sizes that are appropriate for this Arowana fish.

In addition, juveniles will readily consume small fish, tadpoles, live brine shrimp, live brown worms, small earthworms and other live foods, but should be trained to accept pellets, sticks, a chunk of frozen foods, chopped and also whole market shrimp, as well as other meaty foods.

The baby Arowanas should be fed maybe 3 times a day, medium sized twice a day, and adults once a day, or even once every other day. Variety is essential for a well-balanced diet in Arowanas just like for most other fish.

 

Reproduction Of The Super Red Arowana

reproduction of super red arowana

The Super Red Arowana are mouthbrooders and are readily bred in large ponds, however, rarely in fish tanks. Unlike most fish, the Asian Arowana reaches sexual maturity relatively late, after 3-4 years. The females will produce 30-100 eggs, which are fairly large. After the eggs are fertilized, the Asian Arowana exhibits great parental care with paternal mouthbrooding. Both the fertilized eggs and larvae are brooded within the male’s mouth.

In addition, breeding of Super Red Arowana is an ongoing process there are no specific seasons when the Arowanas breed, however, there are times of year when breeding occurs more frequently. There is no external way to sex an Arowanas until lately all breeding was done by educated/experienced guesswork placing 30 chosen fish into a pond as well as leaving them to their own devices.

Typically these ponds are approximately 15m by 20m with a mud or silt floor. Over time, the female will lay eggs on the floor of the pond as well as the male will pass overfertilizing them. Following the fertilization, the eggs are collected into the mouth of the male, where they will develop for 4-6 weeks before being released as young fry into the pond.

The pond management will maintain a constant vigil to identify the presence of Mouthbrooding male Arowana, and when he feels there is enough justification, will call a harvest. The Arowanas are driven in a big net to the edge of the pond where they can be caught as well as identified much more easily.

 

How to Aquarium Care for Super Red Arowana?

How to Aquarium Care for Super Red Arowana

The Super Red Arowana require a large fish tank. Since they could grow up to 91 cm (36 in) long. They are territorial and might be kept with other Scleropages only in a very large fish tank, provided all fish are of similar size. Like other Arowanas, they need a tight-fitting cover to prevent escape.

The Super Red Arowana eating habits produce a lot of waste and you should consequently, pay extra attention to (Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate) in your fish tank. Weekly water changes 25% to 33% is recommended, or better yet, 20% twice a week.

You should maintain the pH neutral. Pay specific attention to the temperature as well as pH ranges, since if you have it too warm, it may cause them to age faster and even shorten their life. The water should be well-filtered, soft, and slightly acidic, and maintained at a temperature of 24-30°C (75-86°F), as well as a pH level between 7.0 and 7.7, are recommended.

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