The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish  (Phseudoplatystoma faciatium)

Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish (Phseudoplatystoma faciatium) also known as the tiger catfish or barred sorubium is a member of the family Pimelodidae. This fish is the largest species of catfish discovered in various rivers as well as tributaries of South America. As adults catfish, typically stay in the bigger, deeper rivers where they spend much of their time along the river bottom searching for meaty foods to consume.

The native home of the Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is the Amazon region and also it can be discovered in the waters of the La Plata, Essequibo, Orinoco, Corintijns and also Paraná River basins. However, today the catfish can be discovered in a number of other places around the globe where they have been introduced.

The body of the Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is long as well as slender with a beautiful silver coloration on its body. Its entire body is covered with black stripes and spots which give the fish a tiger-like appearance, hence the name. Their mouth is adorned with very long whiskers in order to seek out prey in dark or dimly lit areas, along with a huge, long, flat shaped mouth which they use to breathe in unsuspecting prey.

The name of Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is derived from the beautiful striped pattern located on the body of the adult fish. This pattern will begin showing when your catfish reach a size of about 6 inches (15 cm).

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish could grow very large and will typically reach a length of 122 cm (4 ft) or more in the wild. There is a record that they could grow to twice that size. When kept in aquariums, it will typically stay around 60 cm (2 ft). The catfish grows quick as well as could reach a length of 40 cm (1.3 ft) during its first year. The amount of feeding will naturally affect the growth rate of the fish.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is a big predatory catfish that should only be kept by an experienced aquarist with a truly large aquarium. Their attractive appearance, big size, and overall interesting personality have made these catfish a very popular aquarium species with a hobbyist who keep bigger (monster) fish species. Those amazing looking vertical strips with a bright white stomach produce an awesome eyepiece for any aquarium.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish prefer temperatures between about 72 °F (22 °C) and 79 °F (26 °C). The pH level should be between 6 and 7.5, as well as water hardness. They are carnivore that might live for at least 20 years.

 

Diet Of The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

Diet Of The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish are carnivorous animals that survive on a diet purely made up of meat. Like most bigger catfish species, they are an opportunistic feeder that will consume a wide variety of meaty items consisting of both fish and invertebrates.

In the wild the Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is a nocturnal hunter, mainly piscivorous, that preys on a variety of native fish species located throughout South America, along with any crustacean that will fit in their mouths.

In an aquarium environment, feed them different types of worms, small fish, sinking catfish pellets, frozen or freeze-dried meaty food preparations and also a variety of crab, shrimp or other crustaceans discovered in freshwater aquariums.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish are typically fairly easily feed and will appreciate live food, however, occasionally requires trained to accept dead food. They should feed them daily as well as adjust the amount of food and also the frequency of feedings based on the girth of the fish and the desired growth rate.

 

How to Aquarium Care for Tiger Shovelnose Catfish?

How to Aquarium Care for Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish require at least a 180-gallon aquarium to keep them happy as well as healthy. Since they could grow fairly large in captivity (over 3 feet). They are active and should have a tight-fitting tank cover to prevent them from jumping out of the tank.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish does not like small spaces and should avoid creating such spaces when decorating. These catfish are also very easily anxious and should, consequently, be given an environment they really feel safe and not be kept with other anxious fish that could agitate them further. They typically splash around a lot, during water changes.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish aquarium should be decorated using densely planted with rocks or fine-grained sand to cover the bottom. Use a few large pieces of driftwood or rock to create large hiding places where the catfish could rest to simulate their natural environment.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish should be kept in water at a temperature between 72 °F (22 °C) and 79 °F (26 °C). The pH level should be between 6 and 7.5, as well as water hardness. And aquarium tank should have good filtration since these catfish are sensitive to high levels of soluble waste. It is also beneficial to make water changes about twice a week to reduce the stress on the water.

 

Reproduction Of The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

Reproduction Of The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish

There is little known about its reproductive behavior of the Tiger Shovelnose Catfish, however, it is speculated that the females have a fuller stomach as well as overall shape.

The Tiger Shovelnose Catfish are very difficult to breed in the aquarium since they require a lot of space to breed. They can, however, be breed in large ponds. There is evidence supporting that muddy water may be a requirement to get this species to breed. There are unknown external ways to sex these catfish.

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