All About The Tigers (Panthera Tigris) And Where Do Tigers Live
Where Do Tigers Live? (Panthera Tigris)
Tigers (Panthera tigris) live in Asia, which is where their natural habitats are. They are most likely found in the rainforests, grasslands, savannas and even mangrove swamps of Southeast Asia, China, Korea and also Russia. These types of terrain offer protection from the harsh sunlight discovered in these climates to which the tiger is fairly sensitive.
In addition, they also offer excellent cover as well as camouflage for the tiger, making it a more effective predator. Unfortunately, 93% of historical tiger lands have disappeared mostly because of expanding human activity. Tigers are one of the several endangered species. At the begin of the 20th century, it is approximated there were over 100,000 tigers worldwide. Since 2014, there were only 3,200 tigers left in the wild.
There are 9 subspecies of tiger, 3 of which are extinct as well as a 4th one, the South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis), has not been seen in the wild in 25 years. Those still roaming in the wild include the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti), Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), and also Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni).
These 3 subspecies include Balinese tigers (Panthera tigris balica), Caspian tigers (Panthera tigris virgata), and also Javan tigers (Panthera tigris sondaica). All 3 have been extinct for at least 3 decades. Tigers inhabit just 7% of their historic range. However, they could thrive if they have strong protection from poaching as well as habitat loss and also enough prey to eat.
The tiger is the largest cat species, weighing in at up to 300 kg. The smallest of tiger subspecies is the Sumatran tiger and weighs about 140 kg at most. Within each subspecies, the male tigers are larger than female tigers. Most recognizable for their pattern of black vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
Tigers are solitary animals and also rarely form family groups, however, they will share their catch with other members of their family. Tigers do communicate with each other when they come into contact in the wild. Tigers have their own territories and also typically communicate only during mating season. Male tigers will leave his territory in search of female tigers, however then will return after the season ends.
If tigers encounter each other when it is not mating season, they will try to protect their own territories. Fighting is avoided if possible, however, a larger male tiger will try to dominate smaller male and female tigers. A female tiger will communicate with other tigers when she is protecting her cubs. On average tigers could live for 10 to 15 years in the wild and 16 to 22 years in captivity.
In addition, tigers in the wild face a great lot of dangers and the odds are against them living past even their early months. One cub usually dies at birth, this is typically the runt of the litter. The other young tigers are prime targets for predators, including their own father. Once they become adults, the defense of territories, particularly by male tigers, places the tiger at risk of injury or death.
How Do Tigers Live and Diet?
Tigers (Panthera tigris) live most of its life alone in its individual territory, staying in a den during the day as well as hunting large prey animals at night for food. Tigers hunt food by stalking as well as pouncing. Although tigers live in varied habitats, from wetlands to forests to grasslands, their stripes camouflage them from their prey in most environments.
In addition, water is essential. Not only is water the source of all life and also a heat-reliever, for tigers, bodies of water are an ideal place to bathe, recuperate energy as well as hunt. Unlike other felines, tigers enjoy the water and are expert swimmers.
Tigers are carnivores, meaning that their diet consists of meat, flesh, and also fats off of animals that they catch. This is where they obtain all of their protein as well as other dietary requirements in order to conduct daily activities. Depending on the tiger’s habitat, main prey animals include wild pigs, boars, buffalo, wild cattle, deer, antelopes, young rhinos and even weak or young elephants.
Tigers are good swimmers and sometimes hunt prey in the water. When desperate, they eat small animals like lizards, crab, toads, birds, and also fish. Additionally, when live prey is not available, they will eat carrion. Tigers need to be near populations of animals upon which to prey. They are voracious eaters. The typical tiger eats more than 50 prey animals a year, and also their average eating capacity is up to 60 pounds of meat in one night.
How Do Tigers Reproduction and Gestation Period?
Tigers do not have a set season for reproduction to take place. Instead, they are able to engage in the activities throughout the year. However, most of the time it will take place from late November through early April. The female tigers are only receptive for 3 to 6 days. Mating is frequent as well as noisy during that time.
Before any animal is able to reproduce, both male and female animals have to reach sexual maturity. The male tigers reach sexual maturity at about 5 years old of age while the female tigers reach sexual maturity at 3 or 4 years of age. The gestation period of tigers is about 93 to 112 days, the average being 105 days. Litter sizes range from 1 to 6 cubs, however, average are 2 to 3 cubs.
The cubs are born blind and also helpless. The female tiger rears them alone, with the birth site and maternal den in a sheltered place such as a thicket, cave or rocky crevice. The male tiger typically has nothing to do with the birth or rearing of his cubs. If a litter of cubs dies for any reason, the female tiger will be able to have another one within 5 months. The cubs open their eyes at 6 to 14 days old.
The cubs will remain in the den till they are about 8 weeks old. The mother nurses the cubs till they are 3 to 6 months old. Around the time they are weaned, they begin to accompany their mother on territorial walks as well as teach how to hunt. They are typically accomplished hunters by the time they reach 18 months of age. The cubs will leave their mother to care for around 2 to 2 1/2 years of age.
Where Do White Tigers Live?
The White Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger, which is reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, West Bengal as well as Bihar in the Sundarbans region and especially in the former State of Rewa. Such a tiger has the black stripes common of the Bengal tiger, however, carries a white or near-white coat.
Although the range of the White Tiger is historically very large, this tiger is extremely rare as their colouration is dependent on a defective, recessive gene that is passed on from their mother and father. Over the past couple of centuries, the White Tiger has become even rarer in the wild due to trophy hunting or capture for the exotic pet trade and there have been no recorded sightings of these elusive predators for the past 50 years.
Today, the White Tiger could still be discovered in a handful of zoos and also animal sanctuaries around the world with this beautiful as well as large cats typically being the star attraction. Along with the Bengal tiger, the White Tiger is considered to be the 2nd largest tiger in the world after the Siberian Tiger.http://www.animaldiscoveryonline.com/where-do-tigers-live/http://www.animaldiscoveryonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/where-do-tigers-live-1.jpghttp://www.animaldiscoveryonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/where-do-tigers-live-1-150x150.jpgWhere Do Tigers LiveHow Do Tigers Live and Diet,How Do Tigers Reproduction and Gestation Period,Where Do Tigers Live,Where Do White Tigers LiveWhere Do Tigers Live? (Panthera Tigris) Tigers (Panthera tigris) live in Asia, which is where their natural habitats are. They are most likely found in the rainforests, grasslands, savannas and even mangrove swamps of Southeast Asia, China, Korea and also Russia. These types of terrain offer protection from the harsh...orebtoon email@example.comEditorAnimal Discovery Online